Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) occurs in persons of all age groups, across all ethnicities, and of both sexes. OSA is an increasingly prevalent condition in modern society, affecting approximately 5% of the white population. OSA is associated with an increased incidence of pathologic outcomes, particularly stroke, if it is not treated. Therefore, clinicians must know how to diagnose and effectively treat patients with OSA. The combination of clinical evaluation of symptoms and polysomnography (PSG) provides the clinician with data to diagnose and treat patients.
Finding the Causes of Autism Spectrum Disorders: the Trigeminal Factor
Emerging clinical evidence indicates that jaw malignment is a major factor in the development of autism. In addition, review of the medical literature strongly supports this conclusion.
4-Year Follow-up of Patients With OSA
Ninety-five male patients with confirmed mild-to-moderate OSA (apnea index [AI] > 5 and < 25) were randomized to treatment with a dental appliance or UPPP. Sleep studies were performed before and 1 year and 4 years after intervention. Thirty-two patients in the dental-appliance group and 40 patients in the UPPP group completed the 4-year follow-up. read more
News from universities, journals, and other research organizations.
Sleep and Breathing
International Journal of the Science and Practice of Sleep Medicine
Review of oral appliances for treatment of sleep-disordered breathing
Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, St. Michael’s Hospital, 30 Bond Street, Toronto, ON, Canada, M5B 1W8
Oral Appliance Therapy Improves Symptoms in Obstructive Sleep Apnea
A Randomized, Controlled Trial
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a mandibular advancement splint (MAS) on daytime sleepiness and a range of other symptoms in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Using a randomized crossover design, patients received 4 weeks of treatment with MAS and a control device (inactive oral appliance), with an intervening 1-week washout.
Oral Appliances for the Treatment of Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Although the first reported case of oral appliance use was by Pierre Robin in 1934, recognition of the effectiveness of these devices in treating sleep-disordered breathing did not gain momentum until the early 1980s. As oral appliances have evolved and dentists have gained expertise in their use, these devices have become an important part of the management of patients with sleep-disordered breathing.